Subgenus Mimomyia Theobald, 1903

Type species: 

Mimomyia splendens Theobald, 1903.

Classification: 

Subfamily Culicinae, genus Mimomyia. Subgenus Mimomyia includes 17 species. Subgenus abbreviation – Mim.

Characteristics: 

ADULTS ‒ Not as scaly as species of subgenus Etorleptiomyia; vertex with variable scaling; flagellomere 1 of females 1.5‒3.0 length of palpomere 2; maxillary palpus of males 1.1‒1.3 length of proboscis, clubbed (similar to Anopheles) with spiny setae; proboscis of females faintly swollen distally, proboscis of males slightly to moderately swollen in distal third; acrostichal setae present or absent; dorsocentral setae usually present; scutellum with narrow scales only; mesepimeron without scales; lower mesepimeral setae absent or represented by very fine setae; wing with reduced scaling, scales dark, mostly confined to apices of veins (except Mi. parenti which has more heavily scaled wings), sometimes with pale scales at base of costa, cell R2 0.6‒1.2 length of vein R2+3, alula bare, upper calypter with a fringe of narrow scales; legs with various pale markings. FEMALE GENITALIA ‒ 1 or 3 spermathecal capsules. MALE GENITALIA ‒ Variously developed, especially basal mesal lobe of gonocoxite, aedeagus and proctiger. LARVAE ‒ Antenna articulated distad of setae 2,3-A setae 2,3,4-A single; siphon variable, pecten present or absent, index 2.0‒8.0, sometimes modified for piercing plant tissues; ventral brush (sea 4-X) with 4 pairs of setae. PUPAE ‒ Trumpet index about 9.0‒17.0, sometimes modified for piercing plant tissues; seta 1-I usually large, multi-branched (except Mi. perplexens); seta 9-VIII small, single or with 2‒5 branches; paddle index 1.5–2.8; seta 1-Pa present or absent. See genus Mimomyia.

Phylogenetic relationships: 

The evolutionary relationships of subgenus Mimomyia have not been investigated. The subgenus is unlikely to be a monophyletic group. The species are morphologically and biologically diverse and are currently classified into five groups (see Mattingly & Grjebine, 1958 and Grjebine, 1986 for taxonomic treatments).

Bionomics and disease relations: 

The immature stages of species of subgenus Mimomyia have been found in ground pools, swamp margins and small depressions in marshy areas, usually in dense vegetation. Virtually nothing is known about the bionomics of the adults.

Species of subgenus Mimomyia are not of medical importance.

Distribution: 

Species of subgenus Mimomyia have distributions in the Afrotropical, Australasian and Oriental Regions. Ten species occur in the Afrotropical Region and six occur in the Oriental Region, one of which (Mi. chamberlaini) is also found in Australia and New Guinea Island. Mimomyia gurneyi is only known from the Solomon Islands.

Principal references: 

Mattingly, 1957 (as subgenus of Ficalbia, Indomalayan area, taxonomy, distribution, bionomics); Mattingly & Grjebine, 1958 (as subgenus of Ficalbia, taxonomy, keys, bionomics, zoogeography, affinities); Belkin, 1962 (as subgenus of Ficalbia, South Pacific, taxonomy, bionomics, distribution, keys); Delfinado, 1966 (as subgenus of Ficalbia, Philippines, taxonomy, bionomics, distribution); Grjebine, 1986 (Madagascar, taxonomy, bionomics, distribution, keys); Lee et al., 1988 (Australasian Region, taxonomy, literature, bionomics, distribution, keys); Service, 1990 (Afrotropical Region, taxonomy, bionomics, distribution, keys).

Species: 

aurea (Leicester, 1908)
chamberlaini Ludlow, 1904
     subspecies chamberlaini Ludlow, 1904
     subspecies clavipalpus (Theobald, 1908)
     subspecies metallica (Leicester, 1908)
femorata (Edwards, 1936)
flavens (King & Hoogstraal, 1946)
flavopicta (Edwards, 1936)
gurneyi (Belkin, 1962)
hispida (Theobald, 1910)
hybrida (Leicester, 1908)
intermedia Barraud, 1929
lacustris (Edwards, 1935)
mimomyiaformis (Newstead, 1907) (in Newstead et al., 1907)
modesta (King & Hoogstraal, 1946)
pallida Edwards, 1925
parenti (de Meillon & Lavoipierre, 1944)
perplexens (Edwards, 1932)
plumosa (Theobald, 1901)
splendens Theobald, 1903

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith