Alloeomyia Group

Type species: 

Aedes pseudotaeniatus (Giles, 1901), original combination: Culex pseudotaeniatus.

Classification: 

Subfamily Culicinae, tribe Aedini, genus Aedes, subgenus Collessius. The Alloeomyia Group includes three species.

Characteristics: 

As described for the subgenus; differing from speciesthe Collessius Group as follows [characters that provide a polythetic diagnosis of the Group in the phylogeny of Reinert et al. (2009) are indicated with an asterisk (*)]. ADULTS –*Vertex of head with both broad and narrow decumbent scales; proboscis entirely dark-scaled; * area of antealar area of scutum cephalad of anterior edge of paratergite without scales; subspiracular scales absent (Ae. banksi sometimes with a few scales). FEMALE GENITALIA – Sternum VIII with nearly straight posterior margin nearly straight (*gently rounded) and several to numerous broad scales, no lanceolate scales, *seta 2-S inserted lateral to and more or less on level with seta 1-S; tergum IX short and broad, *width/length ratio ≥0.2; postgenital lobe relatively wide and somewhat shorter than in species of the Collessius Group; cercus also somewhat shorter, apex broadly rounded, scales present. MALE GENITALIA – Gonostylus without stout subapical setae absent; aedeagus narrower distally than at mid-length. LARVAE – *Antenna ≤0.4 median length of dorsal apotome;*seta 4-C inserted anterior to seta 6-C; seta 6-Mx single; thorax and abdomen without covering of minute spicules; *seta 5-P single; seta 1-M,T slender, with few branches, not on a tubercle; seta 3-VII 0.5–0.9 mid-dorsal length of segment X; *seta 2-X ≥0.9 length of seta 3-X. PUPAE – Seta 3-I,II normally single; seta 2-VI inserted lateral to seta 1-VI and mesal to seta 3-VI (*inserted anterior to seta 1-VI); seta 1-VII slender, with few simple branches; seta 9-VIII inserted ventrally at corner of segment. See subgenus Collessius.

Phylogenetic relationships: 

The Alloeomyia and Collessius Groups (as subgenera Alloeomyia and Collessius) were recovered as sister taxa in the morphology-based phylogeny of Reinert et al. (2009), but not in the molecular phylogenetic study of Soghnidian et al. (2017) (see subgenus Collessius).

Bionomics and disease relations: 

Immature stages are usually found in rock pools but also occur in tree/log holes and artificial containers (e.g. cement sinks and gutters, drains, iron cisterns, tires, etc.). Females of Ae. pseudotaeniatus are known to bite humans indoors and outdoors. Nothing else is known about the bionomics of this group of species. 

Like other species of the subgenus, species of the Alloeomyia Group are not medically or economically import to humans.

Distribution: 

Species of the Alloeomyia Group are recorded from the following countries of the Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippine Islands, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. 

Principal references: 

Reinert et al., 2008, 2009 (as subgenus of genus Collessius, morphology, phylogeny); Reinert, 2008 (as subgenus of genus Collessius, female genitalia); Rattanarithikul et al., 2010 (as subgenus of genus Collessius, Thailand, keys, bionomics); Wilkerson et al., 2015 (classification); Soghigian et al., 2017 (phylogenetic relationships).

Species: 
pseudotaeniatus (Giles, 1901)
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith