Culex conservator Dyar & Knab, 1906.
ADULTS – Small, dark, unadorned mosquitoes; vertex with only narrow decumbent scales; antenna slightly shorter than proboscis in both sexes; maxillary palpus short in both sexes (except in Cx. restrictor), palpus of females with 4 palpomeres, palpomeres 1 and 2 ankylosed, palpus of males with 4 or 5 palpomeres; proboscis longer than forefemur; scutum predominantly with narrow dark falcate scales; acrostichal setae absent (except in Cx. corrigani and Cx. restrictor); pleural integument generally yellowish; lower mesepimeral seta present or absent; pleural scaling restricted to few scales on postpronotum and few broad translucent scales along mesokatepisternal setae; wing and legs dark-scaled; ungues of females simple, fore- and midungues of males enlarged, unequal, each unguis with tooth, hindungues as in females; abdominal terga dark-scaled with basolateral pale patches. MALE GENITALIA – Tergum IX lobes small, mound-like, widely separated, with variable number of setae; gonocoxite with few scales; subapical lobe postmedian in position, with distinct proximal and distal divisions, stem of proximal division with 2 apical rods, distal division with specialised apical setae and with or without foliform setae on stem; gonostylus relatively simple, distal third with many close-set transverse ridges on ventral surface; gonostylar claw subapical in position; phallosome not columnar, lateral plate with a broadly sclerotised basal hook, a caudally directed apical process and a shorter sternal process; paraproct with crown of 6–13 teeth; cercal setae varied. LARVAE – Head with conspicuous lateral expansion posterior to antenna; antenna with long multi-branched seta 1-A inserted about 0.75 from base; setae 2,3-C absent; median tooth of dorsomentum constricted (nipple-like) distally (except in Cx. restrictor); seta 3-P moderately long, about half length of setae 1,2-P; abdominal seta 2 inserted relatively close to seta 1 within posterior half of terga; setae 1,2-VIII not on common tubercle; comb scales in patch; siphon long and slender, pecten on basal quarter, with 2 pairs of dorsolateral (2a-S) and 4–6 pairs of ventrolateral setae (1a-S) distal to pecten; seta 2-S distinct, slightly curved, with or without submedian branch; saddle complete, without acus, slightly spiculate posteriorly; seta 1-X varied, branched; setae 2,3-X long, single; ventral brush (seta 4-X) with 5 pairs of setae (6 pairs in Cx. restrictor) on grid. PUPAE – Cephalothorax and abdomen without distinct pattern of pigmentation; trumpet moderately long, tracheoid distinct; seta 2-III–VII submarginal, inserted either laterad or mesad of seta 1, 2-VI,VII inserted laterad of seta 1; seta 9-VIII long, subequal in length to tergum; caudal lobe of abdominal tergum VIII overlying lateral part of tergum IX; seta 1-IX present (absent in Cx. restrictor); paddle without marginal spicules; seta 1-Pa and seta 2-Pa absent. See genus Culex.
Similarities in the male genitalia of Anoedioporpa and Melanoconion suggest that they may have shared a common ancestor. Anoedioporpa definitely shares affinities with other subgenera of the Melanoconion Group (Harbach et al., 2012).
Immature stages of Anoedioporpa inhabit phytotelm habitats, mainly tree holes and bamboo, and occasionally artificial containers. The adults are principally forest dwellers, but they are sometimes collected in peri-urban areas. The females are not known to bite humans.
Species of subgenus Anoedioporpa are not of medical importance.
Berlin & Belkin, 1980 (subgenus and species descriptions, keys, bionomics, distributions).
bamborum Rozeboom & Komp, 1948 belemensis Duret & Damasceno, 1955 browni Komp, 1936 canaanensis Lane & Whitman, 1943 chaguanco Casal, García & Fernández, 1968 conservator Dyar & Knab, 1906 corrigani Dyar & Knab, 1907 damascenoi Duret, 1969 luteopleurus (Theobald, 1903) originator Gordon & Evans, 1922 quasioriginator Duret, 1972 restrictor Dyar & Knab, 1906